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Full text of "Byzantine Churches In Constantinople"

CHAP, xxo                          BOGDAN SERAI                                   281
home for the Moldavian envoys. It must have been an attractive house, surrounded by large grounds, and enjoying a superb view of the city and the Golden Horn. It was burnt1 in the fire which devastated the district on the 25th June 1784.5 and since that catastrophe its grounds have been converted into market gardens or  left waste, and its chapel has been a desecrated pile. But its proud name still haunts the site, calling to mind political relations which have long ceased to exist. The chapel stood at the north-western end of the residence and formed an integral part of the structure. For high up in the exterior side of the south-eastern wall are the mortises which held the beams supporting the floor of the upper story of the residence ; while lower down in the same wall is a doorway which communicated with the residence on that level. Some of the substructures of the residence are still visible. It is not impossible that the house, or at least some portion of it, was an old Byzantine mansion. Mordtmann,2 indeed, suggests that it was the palace to which Phrantzes refers under the name Trullus (ev T$ Tpoi/X<s>).3 But that palace stood to the north of the church of the Pammakaristos (Fetiyeh Jamissi), and had disappeared when Phrantzes wrote. Gerlach,4 moreover, following the opinion of his Greek friends, distinguishes between the Trullus and the Moldavian residence, and places the site of the former near the Byzantine chapel now converted into Achmed Pasha Mesjedi, to the south of the church of the Pammakaristos.5 Opinions differ in regard to the dedication of the chapel. Paspates,6 following the view current among the gardeners who cultivated the market-gardens in the neighbourhood, maintained that the chapel was dedicated to S. Nicholas. Hence the late Canon Curtis, of the Crimean Memorial Church in Constantinople, believed that this was the church of SS. Nicholas and Augustine of Canterbury, founded by a Saxon noble who fled to Constantinople after the Norman
1  Hypselantes, ut supra, p. 638.
2  Archaeological Supplement to the Proceedings of the Greek Syllogos of C.P, vol. xviii* p. 8.
3  Phrantzes, p. 307.                                                   4 Tagebuch, p. 456.  See Chap. XII.                                                        6 P. 360.